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Surah An-Nisaa

Ayat/pg: 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | All

E.H. Palmer Explanation (Tafseer)

Madina Madina (92)
176Total Ayat: 176
24Total Ruku: 24

Ayat [1-5] IN the name of the merciful and compassionate God.

Ayat [6-10] Prove orphans until they reach a marriageable age, and if ye perceive in them right management, then hand over to them their property, and do not devour it extravagantly in anticipation of their growing up. And he who is rich, let him abstain; but he who is poor, let him devour in reason, and when ye hand over to them their property, then take witnesses against them; but God sufficeth for taking account.

Ayat [11-15] And let these fear lest they leave behind them a weak seed, for whom they would be afraid; and let them fear God, and speak a straightforward speech. Verily, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly, only devour into their bellies fire, and they shall broil in flames.

Ayat [16-20] And if the man's or the woman's (property) be inherited by a kinsman who is neither parent nor child 1, and he have a brother or sister, then let each of these two have a sixth; but if they are more than that, let them share in a third after payment of the bequest he bequeaths and of his debts, without prejudice 2,--an ordinance this from God, and God is knowing and clement!

Ayat [21-25] And if two of you commit it, then hurt them both 2; but if they turn again and amend, leave them alone, verily, God is easily turned, compassionate.

Ayat [26-30] How can ye take it when one of you has gone in unto the other, and they have taken from you a rigid compact?

Ayat [31-35] But when they are married, if they commit fornication, then inflict upon them half the penalty for married women; that is for whomsoever of you fears wrong; but that ye should have patience is better for you, and God is forgiving and merciful.

Ayat [36-40] If ye avoid great sins from which ye are forbidden,

Ayat [41-45] And serve God, and do not associate aught with Him; and to your parents show kindness, and to kindred, and orphans, and the poor, and the neighbour who is akin, and the neighbour who is a stranger, and the companion who is strange, and the son of the road, and what your right hands possess 2, verily, God loves not him who is proud and boastful;

Ayat [46-50] How then when we bring from every nation a witness, and bring thee as a witness against these on the day when those who misbelieve and rebel against the Apostle would fain that the earth were levelled with them? but they cannot hide the news from God.

Ayat [51-55] O ye who have been given the Book! believe in what we have revealed, confirming what ye had before; ere we deface your faces and turn them into hinder parts, or curse you as we cursed the fellows of the Sabbath 2 when God's command was done.

Ayat [56-60] These are those whom God has cursed, and whom God has cursed no helper shall he find.

Ayat [61-65] But those who believe and do aright, we will make them enter gardens beneath which rivers flow, and they shall dwell therein for ever and aye, for them therein are pure wives, and we will make them enter into a shady shade. Verily, God bids you pay your trusts to their owners, and when ye judge between men to judge with justice. Verily, God, excellent is what He admonishes you with; verily, God both hears and sees.

Ayat [66-70] How then when there befalls them a mischance through what their hands have sent on before? then will they come to you, and swear by God, 'We meant naught but good and concord.' These, God knows what is in their hearts. Turn thou away from them and admonish them, and speak to them into their souls with a searching word.

Ayat [71-75] And then we would surely have brought them from ourselves a mighty hire, and would have guided them into a right path.

Ayat [76-80] But if there befalls you grace from God, he would say--as though there were no friendship between you and him--'O would that I had been with thee to attain this mighty happiness!' Let those then fight in God's way who sell this life of the world for the next; and Whoso fights in God's way, then, be he killed or be he victorious, we will give him a mighty hire.

Ayat [81-85] Wheresoe’er ye be death will overtake you, though ye were in lofty towers. And if a good thing befall them, they say, 'This is from God,' but if a bad thing, they say, 'This is from thee.' Say, 'It is all from God.' What ails these people? they can hardly understand a tale.

Ayat [86-90] And when there comes to them a matter of security or fear they publish it; but if they were to report it to the Apostle and to those in authority amongst them, then those of them who would elicit it from them would know it; but were it not for God's grace upon you and His mercy ye had followed Satan, save a few.

Ayat [91-95] Why are ye two parties about the hypocrites, when God hath overturned them for what they earned? Do ye wish to guide those whom God hath led astray? Whoso God hath led astray ye shall not surely find for him a path. They would fain that ye misbelieve as they misbelieve, that ye might be alike; take ye not patrons from among them until they too flee in God's way; but if they turn their backs, then seize them and kill them wheresoever ye find them, and take from them neither patron nor help,--save those who reach a people betwixt whom and you is an alliance--or who come to you while their bosoms prevent them from fighting you or fighting their own people. But had God pleased He would have given you dominion over them, and they would surely have fought you. But if they retire from you and do not fight you, and offer you peace,--then God hath given you no way against them.

Ayat [96-100] And whoso kills a believer purposely, his reward is hell, to dwell therein for aye; and God will be wrath with him, and curse him, and prepare for him a mighty woe.

Ayat [101-105] Save for the weak men, and women, and children, who could not compass any stratagem, and were not guided to a way; these it may be God will pardon, for God both pardons and forgives.

Ayat [106-110] And do not give way in pursuit of the people; if ye suffer they shall surely suffer too, even as ye suffer; and ye hope from God, but they hope not! and God is knowing, wise.

Ayat [111-115] Yet whoso does evil and wrongs himself, and then asks pardon of God, shall find God forgiving and merciful; and whoso commits a crime, he only commits it against himself, for God is knowing, wise.

Ayat [116-120] But he who severs himself from the prophet after that we have made manifest to him the guidance, and follows other than the way of the believers, we will turn our backs on him as he hath turned his back; and we will make him reach hell, and a bad journey shall it be.

Ayat [121-125] These, their resort is hell; they shall not find an escape therefrom! But those who believe, and do what is right, we will make them enter into gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein for aye,--God's promise in truth; and who is truer than God in speech? Not for your vain desires, nor the vain desires of the people of the Book. He who doeth evil shall be recompensed therewith, and shall not find for him beside God a patron, or a help. But he who doeth good works,--be it male or female,--and believes, they shall enter into Paradise, and they shall not be wronged a jot.

Ayat [126-130] And God's is what is in the heavens and in the earth, and God encompasses all things!

Ayat [131-135] God's is what is in the heavens and what is in the earth! We have ordained to those who have been given the Book before you, and to you too that ye fear God;--but if ye misbelieve, verily, God's is what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, and God is rich and to be praised!

Ayat [136-140] O ye who believe! believe in God and His apostles, and the Book which He hath revealed to His Apostle, and the Book which He sent down before; for whoso disbelieves in God, and His angels, and His Apostle, and the last day, has erred a wide error.

Ayat [141-145] Those who lie in wait for you, and if the victory be yours from God, say, 'Were we not with you?' and if the misbelievers have a chance, they say, 'Did we not get the mastery over you, and defend you from the believers?' But God shall judge between you on the resurrection day; for God will not give the misbelievers a way against believers.

Ayat [146-150] Save those who turn again, and do right, and take tight hold on God, and are sincere in religion to God; these are with the believers, and God will give to the believers mighty hire. Why should God punish you, if ye are grateful and believe? for God is grateful and knowing.

Ayat [151-155] these are the misbelievers, and we have prepared for misbelievers shameful woe! But those who believe in God and His apostles, and who do not make a distinction between any one of them,--to these we will give their hire, for God is forgiving and merciful!

Ayat [156-160] and for their misbelief, and for their saying about Mary a mighty calumny, and for their saying, 'Verily, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, the apostle of God,' . . . . but they did not kill him, and they did not crucify him, but a similitude was made for them. And verily, those who differ about him are in doubt concerning him; they have no knowledge concerning him, but only follow an opinion. They did not kill

Ayat [161-165] But those amongst them who are firm in knowledge, and the believers who believe in what is revealed to thee, let what is revealed before thee, and the steadfast in prayer, and the givers of alms, and the believers in God and the last day,--unto these we will give a mighty hire.

Ayat [166-170] Verily, those who misbelieve and obstruct the way of God, have erred a wide error.

Ayat [171-175] The Messiah doth surely not disdain to be a servant of God, nor do the angels who are nigh to Him; and whosoever disdains His service and is too proud, He will gather them altogether to Himself.
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1. Al-Fathiha
2. Al-Baqarah
3. Al-i'Imran
4. An-Nisaa
5. Al-Maida
6. Al-An'am
7. Al-A'raf
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9. At-Tauba
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24. An-Nur
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26. Ash-Shu'araa
27. An-Naml
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30. Ar-Rum
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45. Al-Jathiya
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55. Ar-Rahman
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59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahana
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63. Al-Munafiqun
64. At-Tagabun
65. At-Talaq
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67. Al-Mulk
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70. Al-Ma'arij
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74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiyamat
76. Ad-Dahr
77. Al-Mursalat
78. An-Nabaa
79. An-Nazi'at
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86. At-Tariq
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90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Lail
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101. Al-Qari'a
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103. Al-Asr
104. Al-Humaza
105. Al-Fil
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107. Al-Ma'un
108. Al-Kauthar
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110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Lahab
112. Al-Ikhlaas
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Nas
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