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Surah Al-Sharh

Ayat/pg: 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | All

Maududi's Commentry (Tafseer) on Surah Al-Sharh

Mecca Mecca (12)
8Total Ayat: 8
1Total Ruku: 1


The Surah is so designated after the first sentence.

Period of Revelation

Its subject matter so closely resembles that of Surah Ad-Duha that boththese Surah seem to have been revealed in about the same period undersimilar conditions. According to Hadrat Abdullah bin Abbas, it wassent down in Makkah just after wad-Duha.

Theme and Subject Matter

The aim and object of this Surah too is to console and encourage theHoly Messenger (upon whom be Allah's peace). Before his call he neverhad to encounter the conditions which he suddenly had to encounterafter it when he embarked on his mission of inviting the people toIslam. This was by itself a great revolution in his own life of whichhe had no idea in his life before Prophethood. No sooner had hestarted preaching the message of Islam than the same society which hadesteemed him with unique honor, turned hostile to him. The samerelatives and friends, the same clansmen and neighbors, who used totreat him with the highest respect, began to shower him with abuse andinvective. No one in Makkah was prepared to listen to him; he began tobe ridiculed and mocked in the street and on the road; and at everystep he had to face new difficulties. Although gradually he becameaccustomed to the hardships, even much severer ones, yet the initialstage was very discouraging for him. That is why first Surah Ad-Duha wassent down to console him, and then this Surah.

In it, at the outset,Allah says: "We have favored you, O Prophet, with three greatblessings; therefore you have no cause to be disheartened. The firstis the blessing of Sharh Sadr (opening up of the breast), the secondof removing from you the heavy burden that was weighing down your backbefore the call, and the third of exalting your renown the like ofwhich has never been granted to any man before. Further below in thenotes we have explained what is implied by each of these blessings andhow great and unique these blessings indeed are!

After this, the Lordand Sustainer of the universe has reassured His Servant and Messenger(upon whom be peace) that the period of hardships which he is passingthrough, is not very long, but following close behind it there is alsoa period of ease. This same thing has been described in Surah Ad-Duha,saying: "Every later period is better for you than the former period,and soon your Lord will give you so much that you will be wellpleased."

In conclusion, the Holy Prophet has been instructed, so asto say, "You can develop the power to bear and resist the hardships ofthe initial stage only by one means, and it is this: `When you arefree from your occupations, you should devote yourself to the labourand toil of worship, and turn all your attention exclusively to yourLord'."This same instruction has been given him in much greater detailin Surah Al-Muzzammil 1-9.

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1. Al-Fathiha
2. Al-Baqarah
3. Al-i'Imran
4. An-Nisaa
5. Al-Maida
6. Al-An'am
7. Al-A'raf
8. Al-Anfal
9. At-Tauba
10. Yunus
11. Hud
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14. Ibrahim
15. Al-Hijr
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21. Al-Anbiyaa
22. Al-Hajj
23. Al-Muminun
24. An-Nur
25. Al-Furqan
26. Ash-Shu'araa
27. An-Naml
28. Al-Qasas
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30. Ar-Rum
31. Luqman
32. As-Sajda
33. Al-Ahzab
34. Saba
35. Fatir
36. Ya-Sin
37. As-Saffat
38. Sad
39. Az-Zumar
40. Al-Mu'min
41. Ha-Mim
42. Ash-Shura
43. Az-Zukhruf
44. Ad-Dukhan
45. Al-Jathiya
46. Al-Ahqaf
47. Muhammad
48. Al-Fat-h
49. Al-Hujurat
50. Qaf
51. Az-Zariyat
52. At-Tur
53. An-Najm
54. Al-Qamar
55. Ar-Rahman
56. Al-Waqi'a
57. Al-Hadid
58. Al-Mujadila
59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahana
61. As-Saff
62. Al-Jamu'a
63. Al-Munafiqun
64. At-Tagabun
65. At-Talaq
66. At-Tahrim
67. Al-Mulk
68. Al-Qalam
69. Al-Haqqa
70. Al-Ma'arij
71. Nuh
72. Al-Jinn
73. Al-Muzzammil
74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiyamat
76. Ad-Dahr
77. Al-Mursalat
78. An-Nabaa
79. An-Nazi'at
80. Abasa
81. At-Takwir
82. Al-Infitar
83. Al-Mutaffifin
84. Al-Inshiqaq
85. Al-Buruj
86. At-Tariq
87. Al-A'la
88. Al-Gashiya
89. Al-Fajr
90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Lail
93. Adh-Dhuha
94. Al-Sharh
95. At-Tin
96. Al-Alaq
97. Al-Qadr
98. Al-Baiyina
99. Al-Zalzalah
100. Al-Adiyat
101. Al-Qari'a
102. At-Takathur
103. Al-Asr
104. Al-Humaza
105. Al-Fil
106. Quraish
107. Al-Ma'un
108. Al-Kauthar
109. Al-Kafirun
110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Lahab
112. Al-Ikhlaas
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Nas
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