bismillah bismillah
Login | Signup
  1. Type something to begin your search

Surah Al-Adiyat

Ayat/pg: 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | All

Maududi's Commentry (Tafseer) on Surah Al-Adiyat

Mecca Mecca (14)
11Total Ayat: 11
1Total Ruku: 1


The Surah has been so entitled after the word al `adiyat with which itopens.

Period of Revelation

Whether it is a Makki or a Madani Surah is disputed. Hadrat Abdullahbin Masud, Jabir, Hasan Basri, Ikrimah, and Ata say that it is Makki.Hadrat Anas bin Malik, and Qatadah say that it is Madani; and fromHadrat Ibn Abbas two views have been reported, first that it is aMakki Surah, and second that it is Madani. But the subject matter ofthe Surah and its style clearly indicate that it is no only Makki butwas revealed in the earliest stage of Makkah.

Theme and Subject Matter

Its object is to make the people realize how evil man becomes when hedenies the Hereafter, or becomes heedless of it, and also to warn themthat in the Hereafter not only their visible and apparent deeds buteven the secrets hidden in their hearts too will be subjected toscrutiny.

For this purpose the general chaos and confusion prevailingin Arabia, with which the whole country was in turmoil, has beenpresented as an argument. Bloodshed, loot and plunder raged on everyside. Tribes were subjecting tribes to raids, and no one could havepeaceful sleep at night from fear that some enemy tribe might raid hissettlement early in the morning. Every Arab was fully conscious ofthis state of affairs and realized that it was wrong. Although theplundered bemoaned his miserable, helpless state and the plundererrejoiced, yet when the plunderer himself was plundered, he toorealized how abject was the condition in which the whole nation wasinvolved. Referring to this very state of affairs, it has been said:Unaware of the second life after death and his accountability beforeGod in it, man has become ungrateful to his Lord and Sustainer. He isusing the powers and abilities given by God for perpetrating tyrannyand pillage; blinded by the love of worldly wealth he tries to obtainit by every means, however impure and filthy, and his own state itselftestifies that by abusing the powers bestowed by his Lord he is beingungrateful to Him. He would never have behaved so, had he known thetime when the dead will be raised from the graves, and when theintentions and motives with which he had done all sorts of deeds inthe world, will be exposed and brought out before everyone to see. Atthat time the Lord and Sustainer of men shall be well informed of whatone had done and what punishment or reward one deserved.

<< Next Surah
Prev Surah >>
Surah List
1. Al-Fathiha
2. Al-Baqarah
3. Al-i'Imran
4. An-Nisaa
5. Al-Maida
6. Al-An'am
7. Al-A'raf
8. Al-Anfal
9. At-Tauba
10. Yunus
11. Hud
12. Yusuf
13. Ar-Ra'd
14. Ibrahim
15. Al-Hijr
16. An-Nahl
17. Al-Israa
18. Al-Kahf
19. Maryam
20. Ta-ha
21. Al-Anbiyaa
22. Al-Hajj
23. Al-Muminun
24. An-Nur
25. Al-Furqan
26. Ash-Shu'araa
27. An-Naml
28. Al-Qasas
29. Al-Ankabut
30. Ar-Rum
31. Luqman
32. As-Sajda
33. Al-Ahzab
34. Saba
35. Fatir
36. Ya-Sin
37. As-Saffat
38. Sad
39. Az-Zumar
40. Al-Mu'min
41. Ha-Mim
42. Ash-Shura
43. Az-Zukhruf
44. Ad-Dukhan
45. Al-Jathiya
46. Al-Ahqaf
47. Muhammad
48. Al-Fat-h
49. Al-Hujurat
50. Qaf
51. Az-Zariyat
52. At-Tur
53. An-Najm
54. Al-Qamar
55. Ar-Rahman
56. Al-Waqi'a
57. Al-Hadid
58. Al-Mujadila
59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahana
61. As-Saff
62. Al-Jamu'a
63. Al-Munafiqun
64. At-Tagabun
65. At-Talaq
66. At-Tahrim
67. Al-Mulk
68. Al-Qalam
69. Al-Haqqa
70. Al-Ma'arij
71. Nuh
72. Al-Jinn
73. Al-Muzzammil
74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiyamat
76. Ad-Dahr
77. Al-Mursalat
78. An-Nabaa
79. An-Nazi'at
80. Abasa
81. At-Takwir
82. Al-Infitar
83. Al-Mutaffifin
84. Al-Inshiqaq
85. Al-Buruj
86. At-Tariq
87. Al-A'la
88. Al-Gashiya
89. Al-Fajr
90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Lail
93. Adh-Dhuha
94. Al-Sharh
95. At-Tin
96. Al-Alaq
97. Al-Qadr
98. Al-Baiyina
99. Al-Zalzalah
100. Al-Adiyat
101. Al-Qari'a
102. At-Takathur
103. Al-Asr
104. Al-Humaza
105. Al-Fil
106. Quraish
107. Al-Ma'un
108. Al-Kauthar
109. Al-Kafirun
110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Lahab
112. Al-Ikhlaas
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Nas
Islamic Art Oil Paintings
Subscribe to daily Ayat and Hadith: